The Padalathri Temple is located in Singaperumalkoil, Kanchipuram district dedicated to Vishnu as Narasimhar and his consort Lakshmi as Ahobilavalli. The temple was built by the Pallavas during the 8th century.
About the Temple
The presiding deity housed in the sanctum in a cave is a rock-cut image, in seated posture with his right leg bent and left leg left hanging Narasimha has four hands with two of the top hands holding his conch and Chakra, while the other two hands showing Abaya Mudra and Uru hasta (resting on his lap) Ugra Narasimha is sported with a third eye on his forehead, which is usually a feature of Shiva temples The sanctum is guarded by two Dvarapalas image on either sides The shrine of his consort, Ahobilavalli is located in the second precinct, which is believed to be a later addition There is a shrine of Andal located to the right of the sanctum While the two shrines of Ahobilavalli and Andal have precicnts, unlike the shrine of Narasimhar The temple is built in Rock-cut architecture, occupies around 1 5 acres (0 61 ha) and has two precincts.
The shrine of Garuda facing Narasimhar, the eagle mount of Vishnu, is located axial to the central shrine The central shrine is approached through Mahamandapa, the worship hall and a narrow Ardha mandapam The flagpost is located behind the shrine of Garuda, axial to the central shrine and the gateway tower There are images of Azhwars in the worship hall on both sides and the shrine of Ahobilavalli is located in the second precinct The vimana, the roof over the sanctum, has stucco images of various avatars of Vishnu There are separate shrines of Lakshmi Narasimha, Ramanuja, Manavala Mamunigal and Vishwaksena.
About the Deity
The main deity is seen here as Ugra (fierce) murthy, holding Paanchajanya (conch) and Sudharsana Chakra, showing Abhaya Hastha in one of His hands. Sri Narasimha Swamy here has 3 eyes and the third eye is shown by the priest while performing Haarathi. The Goddess here is Sri Ahobila Valli Thaayaar. There is a separate shrine for Lord Vishnu
Legend and Stories
Singaperumalkovil finds mention inBrahmanda Purana, which mentions that Vishnu appeared as Narasimha to the sages performing penance at this place after killing the demon king Hiranyakasipu Hiranyakasipu was troubling the Devas as he got a boon from Brahma that no human can kill him His son Prahlada was an ardent devotee of Vishnu, which Hiranyakasipu discouraged He also tried to slay Prahalad by various means, but was saved by the divine grace of Vishnu Vishnu took the avatar of Narasimha and appeared from a pillar Narasimha was a human with lion face and slayed Hiranyakasipu on an evening time in a doorway, which was neither land nor air His anger was not quenched een after slaying the demon king, but Prahalad sang and prayed Narasimha to calm down, which he acceded to He is also believed to have quenched his anger by bathing at the temple tank in this place The water turned is believed to have turned red after the incident.
Chithirai new year day, Chitra Poornima (both in April-May), Sri Narasimha Jayanthi, Sri Ramanuja Jayanthi, 10 day Brahmmotasavam beginning 10 days before the Friday of Swathi star day, Aadi Pooram (July-August), Pavithra Utsav in Aavani (August-September), Sri Krishna Jayanthi, Navarathri, Acharya Manavala Mamunigal festival in Aipasi (October-November), Thirukarthikai (November-December), Sri Andal Neerattu Utsav (bathing) On Makara Sankranthi in Thai (falling almost on January 14), 5 day Teppa Utsav in Masi (February-March) and Panguni Uthiram (March-April) are the festivals celebrated in the temple.
The temple rituals are performed four times a day: Ushathkalam at 8 a m , Kalasanthi at 10:00 a m , Sayarakshai at 5:00 p m and Ardha Jamam at 8:00 p m Each ritual has three steps: alangaram (decoration), neivethanam (food offering) and deepa aradanai (waving of lamps) for both Narasimhar and his consort Ahobilavalli. There are weekly, monthly and fortnightly rituals performed in the temple.
Sooner their prayers are granted, devotees perform Tirumanjanam to the Lord on Pradosham days (13th day either from new moon or full moon day) and offer Vastras.
For relief from debt burden, success in litigations, those under adverse aspect of Mars affecting their marriage, those born of Swathi and Tiruvadirai stars, those undergoing Rahu Period (dragon’s tail) and those suffering from Saturn aspects pray to Lord Patalathri Narasimha for relief. There is a tree called Azhinjal behind the temple with powerful effects Those awaiting marriage, seeking child boon and excellence in education pray on this tree applying sandal and kumkum and light lamps with ghee.
Nearby Places to Visit
- Kamakshi Amman Temple
- Aatcheeswarar Temple
- Kachi Anekadhangavadeswarar Temple
- Deivanayaka Easwarar Temple
- Satyanathaswami Temple
- Kalva Perumal Temple
The nearest airport is at Chennai. The nearest railway station is at Chengalpet Singaperumalkoil is 8 km from Chengalpat on the Chennai route. The temple is in the heart of the city.
Sri Patalathri Narasimhawamy Temple,
Kancheepuram – 603 202.
Devotees visit this temple to seek fulfillment of the following:-
- Relief from burden of debt
- Relief from adverse effects of Mars
- Success in lawsuits
- People born under Swathi and Thiruvadhira stars
- Relief from adverse affects of Rahu and Saturn
- Seeking Marriage boons
Achutham Keyshavam Rama Narayanam Krishna Damodaram Vasudevam Harim Shridharam Madhavam Gopika Vallabham Janaki Nayakam Ramachandram Bhajey
Meaning -Oh Lord who cannot be perished, who also has names like Keshava, Rama, Damodara, Narayana, Sridhara, Madhava, Krishna, Ramachandra the beloved of Janaki, let me say your name regularly.
Vasudeva Sutham Devam Kamsa Chanoora Mardhanam Devaki Paramanandham Krishnam Vande Jagathgurum
Meaning -I bow to you O Krishna, the ultimate guru, Devaki and Vasudeva's son, and the destroyer of Kamsa and Chanur.
Adharam Madhuram Vadanam Madhuram Nayanam Madhuram Hasitam Madhuram Hridayam Madhuram Gamanam Madhuram Mathuraa Dhipate Rakhilam Madhuram
Meaning -Meaning - Sweet are Your lips, sweet is Your face, sweet are Your eyes, sweet is Your smile, sweet is Your heart, sweet is Your gait, O Lord of Mathura, everything about You is sweet.
Alokya Mathur Mukha Madarena Sthanyam Pibantham Saraseeruhaksham Sachinmayam Devam Anantha Roopam Balam Mukundam Manasa Smarami
Meaning -I think of this Balamukundan as the one who looks lovingly at his mother's face while taking milk from her, who has eyes similar to the red lotus, who is the embodiment of truth and intelligence and other forms.