• Vishnu

Sri Aadinaathan Temple

Overview


Sri Aadinaathan Temple, in thoothukudi district is the dwelling place the God Mahavishnu. This Tirukkoil is one of the 108 divya desas God Vishnu and the fifth Navathiruppathi devoted to the deva guru or Jupiter. The temple is one of the the nine Vaishnava holy places that are considered as the representation of the Navagrahas (Nine Planets) who had worshipped Maha Vishnu . The deities themselves are taken to be the Navagrahas and prayed to. Nammalvar onf of the 12 Alwars has offered his prayers to the lord here, which are otherwise known as mangalaashaasanam. He has sung around 11 songs which are included in his Tiruvaymoli. This sacred place is also known by other names as Dhantha Kshetram, Varaha Kshetram, Thirtha Kshetram and Sesha Kshetram. Each one has a story behind it.


About the Temple


Sri Aadinaathan Temple

This Divya Desam is known through multiple names as Dhantha Kshetram, Varaha Kshetram, Thirtha Kshetram and Sesha Kshetram. Every one has a legend of its own that adds up to the importance of this sthala. The nine Vaishnava heavenly places are considered as identified with the Navagrahas (Nine Planets) and revered. The gods themselves are taken to be the Navagrahas and by worshiping them the devotees get relieved of the affiliations of the nava grahas. To a Vaishnavite, the expression 'Alvar' connotes primordial saints who worshipped Lord Vishnu. One of them is Nammalvar who has rendered in Tamil Thiruvaaymoli, thought to be the quintessence of Vedas. It is said that he had not visited any of the divyadesams and just by staying in the tree-gap, he had sang about considerable number of deities of the various divya desas. It is trusted that every one of these gods raced to Kurukoor, sat in the branches of the tamarind tree and asked for Nammalvar to hail them! Madhurakavi Alvar, conceived in Thirukkolur (Navathiruppathi for Mars), saw a bursting light from the south when he was venturing in the north, came to Kurukkor taking after the light. He saw Nammalvar sitting in Yoga in the tree-opening, comprehended that he was his Guru and pronounced in his 11 pasurams, beginning with the expression 'kanninun cirutthaambu' that there can't be a God other than Kurukoor Nambi (Nammalvar). He then gathered the Thiruvaaymozhi. Nammalvar alone has sanctified this divinity in 11 pasurams.

This Temple is situated at Azhwar Thirunagari in Thoothukudi region. Sri Aadhinatha Swamy temple is huge and spell bounding. Nammalvar attained Samadhi in this sacrosanct area. According to the legend Goddess Boodevi was snatched by the evil presence Hiranyaksha, who took and hid her on the Rasathala, deep under the sea. God Brahma was in a situation where he had to resume his activity of ''Creation''. He reached out and prayed to God Vishnu to find out an answer for this significant issue. God Vishnu, the all knower, took the form of a wild hog (Varaha)and dove into the depth of the sea. He killed the asura Hiranyaksha and effortlessly lifted Boodevi from the depth of the sea and thereby relieving Mother Earth from the evil asuras' grasp; subsequently this holy land came to known as Varaha Kshetram. Alwar Tirunagari is accepted to be the biggest town during the reign of Pandya rulers. The town's name in Sanskrit is Srinagari; and under this name, it is implied Brahmananda Purana. In the kali yuga, due to the profound worship of the alwars, the name of the temple town was prefixed with azhwar and is till now addressed as, Alwar Tirunagari. The spot is accepted to be the origin of Nammalvar. Generally as in other avatars, or incarnations, Vishnu is accepted to have incarnated as Nammalvar. Sri Aadhinatha Swamy Temple is Located at Alzhwar Thirunagari in Thoothukudi, Tamilnadu. Sri Aadhinatha Temple is a Hindu Temple devoted to God Vishnu.This Temple is otherwise called Varaha Kshetram. The Presiding god of this Temple is Moolavar Thiru Adhinatha Perumal with his consort Goddess Sri Adinathavalli Thayar/Kuruhoorvalli. The imperative Festivals of this Temple is Vaikundha Ekadashi, Arayar sevai, Vaikasi Visakam celebration, Garuda Sevai, Chaitra Pournami, Masi Panguni Utsavam, Brahmostavam, Pavithrostavam, Uriyadi, Krishna Jayanti, Navaratri, Unjal Utsavam.

This is an exceptionally acclaimed Hindu Temple committed to God Vishnu. This is one among Nava Tirupathi. It is additionally considered as Guru Parikara Sthalam (Navagraha - Planet Jupiter).

Day by day thirumanjanam (abhishek) is done underneath the tamarind tree. The utsava moorthy, Nammalwar is giving his seva in a little brilliant sannadhi in Sobhana Mandapam. Before keeping so as to beg the Ramayana, Kambar composed ''Sadagopar Andhathi'' down his head towards Nammalwar.

One more forte here is that Udayavar Ramanujar wears white shading dress instead of wearing saffron shading. ( for the most part holy people wear just saffron hued dress ). The shadaari, which is placed on the devotees head, in the greater part of the Vaishnava sthalas is said to be thiruvadi (feet) of Narayana and it is the Nammalwar's method for love, showing to the world that he lives as the dust found underneath the God's feet, which infers extreme level of Bhakthi and surrender to God. Udaya Nangai brought forth Nammalwar, and it was God Narayana who gave the gnana(wisdom) to him. Due to this, he acknowledges them two as his mothers. The sthala vriskha is Tamirind and sthala theertam is Thaamiraparani and Brahma theertham.


About the Deity


Sri Aadinaathan Temple

The Prime Deity Aathippiraan faces east in standing stance - Nindra Kolam. The moola vigraha is a swayambu (not created by human) and is trusted that the Prime's feet Deity are under the earth. The Gods Spouses, Aathinathanayaki and Thirukkurukoornayaki have sannidhis of their own. This spot is otherwise called "Thirukkurukoor" in light of the fact that (i) once God Brahma got mantropadesam (iinitiation of mantra) from God Vishnu, as a result of his tapasaya .Since the God got to be Guru, the spot was called "kurukoor". (ii) Nammalvars predecessor, a chieftain by name Kurukan had this spot as his legislative center; subsequently the name kurukoor. (iii) The Tamil word kuruku implies stork, hen and conch . The conch or kuruku accomplished moksha in this spot thus the name kurukoor. Nammalvars hallowed place is more well known than the Gods thus the city came to be known as Alwarthirunagari. Kambar in his work Satagoparanthaathi utilizes the name kurukoor just.


Legend and stories


Sri Aadinaathan Temple

God Vishnu said to God Brahma that before making him, to stay close to Porunai waterway. That temple is named as ''Aadhi temple'', and God Vishnu requested that God Brahma revere him here. In this spot, he instructed numerous things to Brahma as a Guru. This spot is called as ''Kurugoor'. The directing god Sri Aadhinarayan is a swayambu. The feet of the Moolavar comes up inside from the Earth.

God Indira got alleviation from his shapa (condemnation) in the wake of revering Aadinadha Perumal. He got this condemnation from his guardians in light of the fact that he was not treating them well and never obey them. Periyapiratti came there and requested that Narayana wed her. Around then, Narayana changed over her to a blossom and wore it. In Pramadhi, Nammalvar was destined to Vellalar and Udaya Nangai. When he was conceived, he didn't cry, opened his eyes and drank his mom's milk. This is on the grounds that when the Sadavaayu (air) went inside the assortment of Udaya Nangai, he made air not to enter and pushed it out. In view of this, Nammalwar is famously named as 'Sadagopar'. He didn't open his eyes on the grounds that he would not like to see anybody aside from Sriman Narayana, and the same way he needed to talk just about Narayana. Subsequently, he didn't open his mouth to cry (or) to drink milk.Along these lines, they brought him to Aadhinadha Perumal temple and named him as 'Maaran'. Around then, shutting his eyes, he went close to the tamarind tree and sat in Yoga stage till the age of 16.

Dhantha Kshetram: Manthan, a Brahmin kid having shown disrespect to the Vedas, i curred the wrath of his Guru whocursed him to be born in a low-rank in his next birth. He was reborn as Dhanthan, drove a restrained life and came to Kurukoor to adore Aathippiraan. The temple priests pushed him away; however Dhanthan made an idol out of sand of the God at the banks of River Thaamiraparani and carried on his devoution. The chief priests, who had forced him out of the temple, all of a sudden lost their vision and when they surrendered to the God to figure out the reason, a voice from the sky guided them to seek pardon from Dhanthan. So did the priests and recovered their lost vision. Dhanthan had the divine vision of the God with his Spouse. We can see the illustration in the for of a carving of Dhanthan etched in the first stride of the ardha mantapam; where he revered Aadhinathan. This temple is known as “Appan Koil “ or Chemponmaada Tirukkurukoor.

Varaha Kshetram: Some sages of the yore wanted to see the Varaha avatara (Boar incarnation) of the God thus led a thorough tapasya at this sacrosanct spot. The God in Varaha roopa with Bhoomadevi on his lap showed up before them and favored them. Thus, this is Varaha Kshetram. The God is hailed as Jnanappiran.

Thirtha Kshetram: Shankan, a sage was carrying on a tapasya with an aim of turning into one of the watchmen of eight bearings of the universe. Narada prompted him to do the tapasya towards God Narayana who might give him moksha. At the point when Shankan got the directions to the best approach to accomplish it, Narada let him know that he ought to be conceived as a conch (Chanku) in the ocean where River Thaamiraparani unions and love Aathinaathan for a long time. Shankan by turning out to be so venerated first the God set up by Dhanthan and later, trained by Narada implored Aathippiran in the morning as an individual and in the night went to the ocean as a conch. Once when he was accompanying his group to have his prayers, a whale ceased his advancement and Shankan begged strongly to Aaathippiran. Around then, a man showed up in the ocean and gulped the whale. Shankan and his group, from that point, joyfully carried on their supplication to God. Following 1000 years, the God with His Devis on His Garuda Vahanam revealed himself to Shankan and his colleagues and conceded them moksha. The wharf where Shankan and his group entered is known as Thirucchankaniturai even today. Since it was passage through water, this blessed spot has picked up the name Thirtha Kshetram.

Sesha Kshetram: This legend is identified with Ramayana and along these lines to Nammalvar, as a result of whom this blessed city is called Alwarthirunagari. Three days prior to the end of Ramavataram, God Yama (God of Death) came to see God Rama, who instructed his younger brother Lakshmana not to permit anyone from that point. Sage Dhurvaasa wanted to see Lord Rama before the end of incarnation came and Lakshmana, anxious of not bringing about his rage and condemnation, did not stop him. In any case, the disappointed Rama detested his sibling and turned him into a tree, as he didn't obey his request. Lakshmana cried and asked exoneration that he couldn't live without him. Rama then said that he himself must be similar to a statue for a long time, for conferring the transgression of sending Sita to the backwoods and that he would sit in the hole of the tree around then. Lakshmana would turn into a tamarind tree at the Varaha Kshetram. Sage Kashyapa and his wife, conceived as Kaari and Utaya Nangai would come to Kurukoor praying God for a child. The God would be conceived as Maran (Nammalvar) and as an infant he would creep to the gap in the tamarind tree and meditate for a long time. After this Yoga, he would render the Vedas in Tamil and propound path for bhakti. God Rama gave his ring to his brother and said that Lakshmana would be a tamarind tree where the ring dropped. Lakshmana, the incarnation of Adisesha stands as the tamarind tree in this sacred temple. So the spot is suitably called Sesha Kshetram.

In the meantime, Madurakavi Alwar began his Bhakthi Yaatra towards Ayodhya, Vada Madura, Gaya, Kasi, Kanchi, Avanti and Dwaraka. He was born in Tirukkoloor as a customary andhana (Brahman) and gained great learning in Sanskrit. When he was heading out to Ayodhya, an ostentatious light emerged in the sky which guided him along the south bearing. He took after the light until it vanished in the Thirukkurugoor Aadhinadhar temple. On entering the temple Madhurakaviyaar discovered and was amazed at Nammalvar, being 16 years of age kid in dhyana. He went near Nammalvar and made a few commotions to bring him out from the dhyana. At that point Madhukaviyaar addressed Nammalvar, how the spirit (Aathma) lives and what it eats to live. For this, Nammalwar said ''atthai thindru angae kidakkum''. This implies that the body is comprised of Panjabhoothas (5 components of nature). In spite of the fact that it is found on earth, it lives just by considering Paramathma (Sriman Narayanan) and this is the manner by which our life lives and it ought to be just in such a way. On listening to this, Madhukaviyaar was happy to the point that he had got a brilliant master and raised his hands over his head and began to sing tunes in recognition of him. Around then Namalwar opened his eyes, Sriman Narayana gave his dharshan as ''Sangu Chakradhari'' alongside Lakshmi. Along with Nammalwar, Madhurakaviyar got the dharshan of Narayana in Nindra Kola seva. As Madhurakaviyaar had got the seva of Narayana, he expected Nammalvar as his God and began to love him. Since Nammalwar doesn't live for himelf and his reasoning is dependably on Narayana, Sadagopar was named as ''Nammalwar''. (Nam - implies our own). Nammalwar sat underneath the tamarind tree and did mangalasasanam for 35 divyadesam through his ''gnana eye''(the eye of knowledge). This tamarind tree with a few openings can be seen now, as well. This tree is called as ''puliyalwar''. incarnation of Adisesha stands as the tamarind tree in this sacred temple. So the spot is suitably called Sesha Kshetram.

In the meantime, Madurakavi Alwar began his Bhakthi Yaatra towards Ayodhya, Vada Madura, Gaya, Kasi, Kanchi, Avanti and Dwaraka. He was conceived in Tirukkoloor as a customary andhana (Brahman) and gained great learning in Sanskrit. When he was heading out to Ayodhya, an ostentatious light emerged in the sky which guided him along the south bearing. He took after the light lastly it vanished in the Thirukkurugoor Aadhinadhar temple. On entering the temple Madhurakaviyaar discovered and amazed at Nammalvar, being 16 years of age kid in yoga stage (dhyan). He went near Nammalvar and made a few commotions to bother him from the dhyan. At that point Madhukaviyaar addressed Nammalvar, how the spirit (Aathma) lives and what it eats to live. For this, Nammalwar said ''atthai thindru angae kidakkum''. This implies that the body is comprised of Panjabhoothas (5 components of nature). In spite of the fact that it is found on earth, it lives just by considering Paramathma (Sriman Narayanan) and this is the manner by which our life lives and it ought to be just in such a way. On listening to this, Madhukaviyaar was happy to the point that he had got a brilliant master and raised his hands over his head and began to sing tunes in recognition of him. Around then to open the eyes of Nammalwar, Sriman Narayana gave his dharshan as ''Sangu Chakradhari'' alongside Lakshmi. Alongside Nammalwar, Madhurakaviyar got the dharshan of Narayana in Nindra Kola seva. As Madhurakaviyaar had the capacity get the seva of Narayana, he expected Nammalvar as his God and began to love him. Since Nammalwar doesnt live for him and his reasoning is dependably on Narayana, Sadagopar was named as ''Nammalwar''. (Nam - implies our own). Nammalwar sat underneath the tamarind tree and did mangalasasanam for 35 divyadesam through his ''gnana eye''(the eye of knowledge). This tamarind tree with a few openings can be seen now, as well. This tree is called as ''puliyalwar''.


Rare Facts


Sriman Narayanan instructed Brahma to come to Porunai (Thamirabarani) waterway and lived here even before him. Hence this temple is to be viewed as 'Aadhi (above all else) temple'. Since Sriman Narayanan went about as a Guru to Brahma and asked Brahma to do the tapas and pray for him here, this sthalam is called 'Kurugoor' (Kuru means ''do this')'. Devendran was detested by his guardians in light of the fact that he was not treating them well and obeying them. It was cleaned up at last after praying to Aadhinadha perumal. When, Periyapiratti came here and requested that Narayanan wed her, Sriman Narayanan changed her as a blossom and adorned it.


Significance


To be freed of Navagraha condemnations.


Festivals


The ‘Garuda Sevai’ festival during the month of Vaikasi is famous and well-attended. Nammalvar is taken in procession on ‘hamsa vahanam’ (Swan-carriage) on his birthday that falls on the day of Visaka star.


Thanks giving


Devotees perform thirumanjanam for the Lord and don him with new clothes. Those devotees whose prayers are fulfilled give as offering anything they desire.


Significance


All afflictions that happen due to the Navagraha curse, will be alleviated by worshipping the deities at Navatiruppatis.


Near By Temple


  • Aayirathu Enn Vinayaka
  • Vaithamanidhi Perumal
  • Kalugasalamoorthy
  • Mutharamman
  • Venkatavaanan
  • Makaranetunkuzhaikkaadar

Accessibility

Alwarthirunagari is in the Tirunelveli-Tiruchendur railway route and the temple is about 1.5 kms from the station. It is about 5kms from Srivaikuntam and 34 kms from Tirunelveli, from where frequent bus services are available.


Near By Railway Station


Thoothukkudi


Near By Airport


Thiruvananthapuram, Madurai.


Temple Address


Sri Aadinaathan Tirukkoil,
Alwartirunagari,
Thoothukudi.

Significance

Devotees visit this temple to seek fulfillment of the following:-

  • To be freed of Navagraha condemnations.
Shlokas

Achutham Keyshavam Rama Narayanam Krishna Damodaram Vasudevam Harim Shridharam Madhavam Gopika Vallabham Janaki Nayakam Ramachandram Bhajey

Meaning -Oh Lord who cannot be perished, who also has names like Keshava, Rama, Damodara, Narayana, Sridhara, Madhava, Krishna, Ramachandra the beloved of Janaki, let me say your name regularly.

Vasudeva Sutham Devam Kamsa Chanoora Mardhanam Devaki Paramanandham Krishnam Vande Jagathgurum

Meaning -I bow to you O Krishna, the ultimate guru, Devaki and Vasudeva's son, and the destroyer of Kamsa and Chanur.

Adharam Madhuram Vadanam Madhuram Nayanam Madhuram Hasitam Madhuram Hridayam Madhuram Gamanam Madhuram Mathuraa Dhipate Rakhilam Madhuram

Meaning -Meaning - Sweet are Your lips, sweet is Your face, sweet are Your eyes, sweet is Your smile, sweet is Your heart, sweet is Your gait, O Lord of Mathura, everything about You is sweet.

Alokya Mathur Mukha Madarena Sthanyam Pibantham Saraseeruhaksham Sachinmayam Devam Anantha Roopam Balam Mukundam Manasa Smarami

Meaning -I think of this Balamukundan as the one who looks lovingly at his mother's face while taking milk from her, who has eyes similar to the red lotus, who is the embodiment of truth and intelligence and other forms.

Timings

The Temple is open from morning 7.30 to 12.00 noon and from 5.00 pm to 8.00 pm.

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