The Virupaksha Temple is devoted to Lord Shiva and is eminent as a standout amongst the most sacrosanct temples in Karnataka. Virupaksha is a symbol of Lord Shiva, and among all the encompassing vestiges. Hampi is situated on the banks of River Tungabhadra.This zone as a rule has been a vital journey place for the admirers of ruler Shiva. Virupaksha temple is just as sort after by the travelers and pioneers.The yearly celebrations pull in immense hordes of both the types. The extremely source of Hampi’s history as a hallowed spot rotates around the myths connected with this temple. It trusted that this temple has been working uninterruptedly since the time that its initiation in the seventh century AD. That makes this one of the most seasoned working temples in India. Hindus regard Hampi as a consecrated area. By fables, various legendary occasions are connected with Hampi.
Origin of Hampi
The name Hampi is advanced from Pampa, the antiquated name of the stream Tungabhadra. Likewise Pampa is the little girl of Bramha, the Creator God. She was a committed admirer of Shiva, the God of Destruction. Inspired by her devotion Shiva offered her a wish and she selected to wed him. The spot in this manner came to be known as Pampakshetra (place where there is Pampa) and Shiva as Pampapathi (consort of Pampa). The Hemakuta Hill in Hampi is the spot, as indicated by the myth, Shiva did his atonement before wedding Pampa. Kama, the God of Love, felt sensitivity for Pampa for her affection towards Shiva. He irritated Shiva from his profound reflection.That pulled in Shiva's fury. Known for his resentment, Shiva blazed Kama with his third (red hot) eye. Rathi, Goddess of Passion furthermore Kama's consort argued for kindness with Shiva. Shiva concedes Kama's life back, yet just as a character and not as a physical being.On Shiva's marriage with Pampa, Gods from the paradise showered gold on the spot. This slope in Hampi is called Heamakuta, truly implies store of gold.
About The Temple
This temple is situated on the south bank of the stream Tungabadra. This territory when all is said in done has been an essential journey community for the admirers of ruler Shiva. Virupaksha temple is similarly sort after by the travelers and pioneers. The yearly celebrations pull in colossal hordes of both the sorts.
The very source of Hampis history as a holy place rotates around the myths connected with this temple. It is trusted that this temple has been working uninterruptedly following the time when its beginning in the seventh century AD. That makes this one of the most established working temples in India.
The first adoration spot was just a couple’s separate humble holy places (accepted to be as old as seventh century) lodging the picture of the god and the goddesses. Throughout the hundreds of years the temple step by step ventured into a sprawling complex with numerous sub places of worship, pillared corridors, banner posts, light posts, towered entryways and even a huge temple kitchen.
This east-bound tower (Gopura) drives devotees to the primary patio of the temple complex. This pastel painted 9 storied tower with a couple of bovine horn such as projections on top is the most conspicuous historic point in Hampi. The lower two levels of the tower is made of adorned stone work.
The logically decreasing superstructure is made with block and mortar. All around the outside of the principal level spots numerous fascinating stucco figures. For instance, the sensual figures of the passionate couples situated at the south side of the tower. Such symbols associated with richness rituals are viewed as promising on a philosophical ground. The stucco figures can be seen from the southward going rear way (towards the mail station) from this passageway to the tower. These stucco figures are situated at the base line of the stucco figures.
The primary temple is east-bound and has two extensive patios, one prompting the other. One can go into the main patio through the tower. This patio principally houses a pillared corridor called 100-section lobby at the far left corner, Kalyanamantapa at the far right corner, authoritative workplaces, the ticket counter, a police station and even an old well. A kitchen complex ventures out of the compound covering the two courts at the south divider. A limited section on the mass of the 100 pillared lobby offers access to the kitchen. A water channel framework associated with the close-by stream is incorporated with the floor of the kitchen complex. Devotees can see the remaining parts of its sustaining channels outside the southwest corner of the temple corner.
Towards the left, one can see the surprising triple headed Nandi (bull statue). Behind this the divider is painted a vast guide of Hampi with the principle attractions marked. Towards the right near the tower is a police station. Remote voyagers are asked for to enlist their subtle elements. This is a basic procedure of entering the names and different points of interest in the register book kept at this office.
Further forward (east) towards the second tower there is a ticket counter and the shoe care corner and a gift shop with a decent gathering of books and maps on Hampi. The three storied tower worked in 1510 AD is known after its benefactor, Krishadeva Raya, one of the celebrated lords of the domain.
The section ticket, camera ticket and camcorder ticket can be purchased from the ticket counter. The tower offers access to the inward court. Inside the court, there is a temple elephant which blesses the devotees.
Amidst the court along the pivot confronting the fundamental sanctum is a light post, the Balipitas (sacred stages), a banner post and a whitewashed structure in which two Nandi (bull) statues are positioned. All around this open zone are the pillared shelters leaving holes at the north, south and east edges for a progression of sub holy places.The confronting bit of the house is lined with a column of designed columns.The lion figure cut on the base of each these columns appears to be supporting the thin upper segments. A close look at each of the pillars uncovers fascinating figures of creatures and other life scenes. Pair of elephant balustrades at the center of the line offers access to the highest point of the house stage. The western end of the south house spots a rectangular opening on the floor.
A holy place is found underground. A Nandi is situated close to the opening. Close to it is a tremendous stone urn with enhancements. Towards the end there are a couple of metal ringers and a substantial cowhide clad percussion instrument. The most striking element of this court is the focal pillared corridor known as the Ranga Mandapa added to the temple complex in 1510 AD by Krishadeva Raya.
Two legendary lion like animals structures, the balustrade for the passage to this hoisted open structure. This lobby with 5 walkways and 38 columns is utilized for temple customs including the wedding services. The highlights incorporate lines of columns formed with legendary animals (Yalis) remaining on amphibian animals (Makara or Crocodiles). Warriors appear riding on these brutal looking animals.
The wall painting board on the focal bit of the corridor is one of only a handful few stays of this type of Vijayanagara craftsmanship. The vast majority of it depends on genuine subjects with the exception of the one at the eastern end.Here the originator sage of the realm, Vidaranaya, is depicted moving in a procession.Further west, past a little inward corridor, is the sanctum sanctorum of Lord Virupaksha. Two 4 outfitted gatekeeper divinities, around 8 feet tall, stand on either side of the passageway to the inward corridor. The roof of this inward lobby is enhanced with an open lotus theme.The sanctum contains the icon of ruler Virupaksha as a Linga (A phallus picture). A passage encompasses the sanctum.
The two slender yards on either sides of the internal lobby can be utilized to get in and out of the primary shrine. Surrounding this chief places of worship are the temples of Virupakshas consort and other deities. The most essential of the sub hallowed places are that of Goddess Pampa and Bhuvaneswari, consorts of master Shiva, towards the north of the principle holy place. The short round columns and the entryways and the roof are luxuriously cut. Somewhat east along the shelter, one can detect a flight of prompting an underground load. This contains the hallowed place of Pataleswara, a type of ruler Shiva. Towards the east is the holy place of the planetary divinities. Pictures of the nine planetary divinities (Nava Grahas) are orchestrated on a hoisted platform. Photography is not allowed inside the sanctum territory.
Behind the primary sanctum a flight of steps prompts the back way out of the temple complex.Just before the way out on the right side devotees would locate a dull chamber with an opening on the divider. The sunrays go through this opening structures a transformed shadow of the primary tower on the divider, a sort of pinhole camera impact made with stonework.
Close by is a hallowed place devoted to the originator sage Vidyaranya. Here additionally devotees can see the pin gap transformed shadows in a little place of worship chamber. Most of this region is the local location of the temple ministers.The holy places here are not under adoration and the territory to some degree betrayed. Devotees can see various confounding reservoir conduit framework specified before. Thick banana estates and bushes encompass the area.
Back to the primary temple, the goliath north tower, called Kangiri Gopura, close to the fundamental sanctum prompts the temples sacrosanct lake, the Manmantha Tank and a progression of places of worship.
By and large it requires no less than 1 hours to see this temple complex. Devotees can witness the everyday temple customs and services in the mornings and nights. Temple opens before the dawn and shut in the night. Generally the sanctum is shut at twelve.
This temple has antiquated engravings which dates back to hundreds of years. Initially it was a little holy place, and the asylum of Virupaksha-Pampa preceding the initiation of the Vijayanagara Empire. Be that as it may, the Vijayanagara rulers were in charge of building this little sanctum into an expansive temple complex. Although a large portion of the temple structures were developed amid the Vijayanagara standard, somewhere in the range of few were likewise raised amid the late Hoysala and Chalukya domains.Real redesigns and augmentations were completed in the nineteenth century and gopuras were set up and roofs painted amid this time.
Devotees throng to this temple in December consistently to go to the promise and wedding functions of Pampa and Virupaksha. Another celebration which is held in February is the yearly chariot fest.
About The Deity
The sanctum contains the icon of master Virupaksha as a Linga (A phallus picture).A passageway encompasses the sanctum.The two tight patios on either sides of the internal corridor can be utilized to get in and out of the primary shrine. Surrounding this vital places of worship are the holy places of Virupakshas consort and different gods.
The most critical of the sub holy places are that of Goddess Pampa and Bhuvaneswari, consorts of master Shiva, towards the north of the fundamental altar.These hallowed places are truth be told much more established than whatever is left of the affected structures in the compound.The short roundabout columns and the entryways and the roof are luxuriously cut. Somewhat east along the shelter, there is a flight stairs prompting an underground load. This contains the holy place of Pataleswara, a type of ruler Shiva. Facilitate east is the holy place of the planetary divinities. Pictures of the nine planetary divinities (Nava Grahas) are orchestrated on a lifted stage.
Legend and Stories
The tale of the temple is an intriguing one. It is trusted that Parvati was conceived in this area as Pampa (by the way, the waterway Tungabhadra was then known as the Pampa, and the city was initially called by the same name, yet was later defiled to Hampi). She needed to wed Lord Shiva, who was somewhere down in reflection on the Hemakuta slope. She understood that contemplation was the main way she could win him, and continued to do as such, on the banks of a lake on the opposite side of the stream. There is presently a little temple there committed to the goddess, with the lake named after her, as Pampa Sarovara. At last, Shiva got to be mindful of her, and consented to wed her.The area where they were hitched is the place the Virupaksha temple stands today.
Aside from a sanctum of Pampa Devi, the consort of Virupaksha, this temple additionally has a sanctum to Bhuvaneshwari. Actually meaning the goddess of the world, Bhuvaneshwari is additionally the goddess of favorable luck.This tower has been fabricated such that an altered shadow of this gigantic tower falls on the western mass of the temple through a little opening behind the sanctum.The temple was extended with numerous increments made to it of mandapas, sub-temples, pillared displays, etc, so that from a little place of worship it formed into a broad temple complex. There is a lavish temple to Bhuvaneswari and a holy place to Vidyaranya, the otherworldly author of Vijayanagara in this temple. The inward prakaram comprises of places of worship and columns going back to the twelfth century.
Krishnadevaraya additionally constructed a ‘mandapam’ before the sanctum, and decorated it with Vijayanagara style bas-reliefs and paintings. A few of Shiva's signs, and the ten incarnations of Lord Vishnu are depicted here, similar to the exemplary scene from Mahabharata portraying the shooting of Arjuna of the fish gadget so as to secure the hand of Draupadi for marriage. In the region of the Virupaksha temple are a few broken down mandapams. Before the temple was at one time an old mall lined with mandapams, the vestiges of which remain till date.
In any case, there are a couple captivating certainties about Hampi that are not basic information.Hampi was an imperative part of the Vijayanagara Empire that was established by the siblings, Harihara I and Bukkaraya I in the fourteenth However, the principal authentic record of settlement in Hampi goes back to 1 CE. There are proofs that propose that the area of Hampi was under the tenet of Ashokan Kingdom amid the third century BC.
Hampi is known for the most part for the landmarks worked amid the Vijayanagara Empire. Notwithstanding, there are different landmarks in Hampi that goes back to the days preceding the foundation of the Vijayanagara Empire. The Hemakuta gathering of temples is a group of such structures that fit in with the pre-Vijayanagara days.
The temples and different structures in Hampi show the rich Vijayanagara style of building design. Is it accurate to say that one can be mindful of the way that the Vijayanagara style is really a blend of building characteristics of the Chalukyan, Cholan, Hoysalan and Pandyan styles of structural engineering. These styles existed from the time before the foundation of the Vijayanagara Empire.
The name Hampi is gotten from the word Pampa, which is the old name of the Tungabhadra River. The town of Hampi stands on the southern bank of the River Tungabhadra. It was at first known as Hampe and later came to be known as Hampi. It is likewise alluded to as Pampa-kshetra, Kishkinda-kshetra, Bhaskara-kshetra or Virupakshapura, (because of Virupaksha, the supreme divinity of the Vijayanagara rulers).
The primary coin mint of the Vijayanagara Empire was situated in Hampi, while there were other littler mints at different spots such as Penukonda, Tirupati, and so on. The coinage of Vijayanagara included gold, silver and copper coins that were roundabout fit as a fiddle. The coins had pictures of divine beings, creatures and winged creatures on them. The remnants of the mint can be seen close to the Royal Enclosure even today.
Hubli and Belgaum are the nearest airports to Hampi.
Hopset is the nearest railway station, Hampi is 12 kms from Hopset.Direct routes from various cities incorporate Hampi Express (Hubli - Hospet - Bangalore - Mysore) ; Amaravathi Express (Goa - Hubli - Hospet-Vijayawada - Vizag - Bhubaneswar - Kharagpur - Howrah) ; Haripriya Express (Kolhapur - Belgaum-Hubli - Hospet - Guntakal - Tirupati ) ; Garib Nawaz Express (Bangalore - Guntakal - Hospet - Hubli - Belgaum - Pune - Kalyan - Surat - Baroda - Ahmedabad - Ajmer ) ; Hyderabad - Kolhapur Express (Kolhapur - Belgaum - Hubli - Hospet - Guntakal - Raichur - Hyderabad ).
There are buses operated by both, state run KSRTC and private organizations to reach Hopset and Hampi.
Devotees visit this temple to seek fulfillment of the following:-
- Relief from diseases
- Purchase of vehicles
- Gain Knowledge
Kailaasarana Shiva Chandramouli Phaneendra Maathaa Mukutee Zalaalee Kaarunya Sindhu Bhava Dukha Haaree Thujaveena Shambho Maja Kona Taaree
Meaning -Oh Lord Shiva who is seated on Mount Kailash, where the moon decorates his forehead and the king of serpents crown his head, who is merciful and removes delusion, You alone can protect me. I surrender to thee.
Aum Trayambakam Yajaamahey Sugandhim Pusti Vardhanam Urvaarukamiva Bandhanaath Mrutyor Muksheeya Maamritaat
Meaning -We worship the fragrant Lord Shiva, who has 3 eyes and who cultivates all beings. May He free me from death, for immortality, as even a cucumber is separated from its bond with the vine.