• Shiva

Palaivaneswarar Temple


The Sri Palaivananathar Temple is located at Papanasam in Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu and is dedicated to God Shiva. The chief deity in this temple is Palaivaneswarar. Amman is Thavalavennagaiyal. This temple is one of the 274 Sivalyam Koil.

About the Temple

Palaivaneswarar Temple

This famous historic temple is mentioned in the hymns of the Ganasambandar. According to the Hindu mythology this temple is the 19th Shiva temple which is praised in the Thevaram hymns. It is the 19th temple located on the southern bank of the Cauveri River. The chief deity of God Shiva is in the form of a swayambumurthy. It is known that the great God Rama had installed around 108 shivlingams here and worshipped them. The God and the Goddess bless the devotees here in their wedding dress and garlands. In the prakara of the temple, one can get blessings from God Vinayaka, Oordhvatahandava, Dakshinamurthy, Brahmma, Goddess Durga and Chandeswara. This place is known as Palathurai for one particular reason i.e. because of the palm tree which is the Holy tree of the temple.

The shivlingas in the temple are of utmost prominence. It is known that they were worshipped by great Gods and sages like Vinayaka, Subramania, Somaskandar and sage Vasishta. The temple’s beauty is enhanced through the amazing shrines of Nataraja, Bhairava, Sun and the Moon.

Legend and Stories

Once upon a time, many cruel and wicked sages organised a huge yagna in Tharukavanam. They chanted a lot of ill and evil mantras to kill God Shiva. They created a tiger so that God Shiva could be killed. God Shiva, being powerful and mighty, killed the tiger and used its skin as his dress. This event had happened at this very place. This place has a lot of names like Brahmmavanam, Palaivanam, Arasvanam, Punnahvanam etc. It is also one of the Sapthasthanas in and around Tirunallur.

One another story that is related to this place happened during the forest life of the Pandavas. Arjuna was guided by sage Dhoumya to come to this temple and was told to worship God Shiva here. He did so and learnt all the techniques of archery as well. Arjuna also went deep down the earth here and married Uloopi.

Another legend says that God Rama worshipped to God Shiva here so that he could be forgiven and pardoned of the sin of killing the Rakshasa Ravana. As God Shiva cleared him of his sons, this place came to be known as Papanasam.

There are a lot of Shivalingas installed in the mandapa of the temple in a balanced manner on the Ayudayars.


The major festivals celebrated in the temple include Mahashivaratri, Margazhi Tiruvadhirai and Aipasi Annabhishekam.


Devotees come here in large number. Most of them pray for their problems to be ended as far as progression of marriage is concerned. Many newly married people come here and pray for child boon. Once their ambitions are fulfilled, they offer clothes to the God and also perform abhishekam.

Nearby Place To Visit

Devotees who come here also visit nearby places like Andalakkum Aiyan, Padkasu Nathar, Gajendra Varadhan, Hara Shaba Vimochana PErumal, Appakudathan and Adhivaraha Perumal.



Papanasam is on the Kumbakonam-Thanjavur highway on the banks of Kudamurutti river. Bus stop is at the entrance of the temple. On the rail route, the devotee can get down at Papanasam station and reach the temple 1km northeast


The closest railway station to this temple is Thanjavur Railway station.


The nearest airport to this temple is Trichy airport.

Temple Address

Sri Palaivaneswarar Temple,
Papanasam Taluk and Post – 614 205,
Thanjavur district


Devotees visit this temple to seek fulfillment of the following:-

  • Removal of obstacles in marriage talks
  • Child boon
  • Progress in education

Kailaasarana Shiva Chandramouli Phaneendra Maathaa Mukutee Zalaalee Kaarunya Sindhu Bhava Dukha Haaree Thujaveena Shambho Maja Kona Taaree

Meaning -Oh Lord Shiva who is seated on Mount Kailash, where the moon decorates his forehead and the king of serpents crown his head, who is merciful and removes delusion, You alone can protect me. I surrender to thee.

Aum Trayambakam Yajaamahey Sugandhim Pusti Vardhanam Urvaarukamiva Bandhanaath Mrutyor Muksheeya Maamritaat

Meaning -We worship the fragrant Lord Shiva, who has 3 eyes and who cultivates all beings. May He free me from death, for immortality, as even a cucumber is separated from its bond with the vine.


6 a.m. to 11 a.m.4:30 p.m. to 8:30 p.m.

Weather in Tirupalaithurai
Scattered Clouds
13° 15°

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