The Mallikarjuna temple is a famous Hindu shrine dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple is located in Basaralu, a small town in the Mandya district of Karnataka, India. Basaralu lies very close to Nagamangala, approximately 65 km from the culturally important city of Mysore. The temple was constructed around 1234 AD by Sri Harihara Dhannayaka, during the reigns of the Hoysala ruler Vira Narasimha II. This temple is considered an important national monument and is preserved by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
About The Temple
The temple is known for its splendid architecture. Apart from the usual Hoysala type of sculptures pertaining to that region, the temple also houses many sculptures that are considered master piece. The inner most sanctum of the temple is the garbhagraha designed in the Dravidian Shikhara style and consists of a Balahari Linga, which represents the primary deity Lord Shiva. The ceiling is beautifully decorated with a lotus design. The idols of ‘Naga and Nagini’ (male and female serpent God) sculpture are installed within a separate smaller sanctum which lies opposite to the shrine of ‘Surya Bhagwan’ (Sun god).
The top of the temple has the Shikhara and Hoysala emblem – Sala killing a Lion, whereas its base is made up of six layers of intricate pattikas starting with war elephants at the bottom. The horse riders are found above it. The hoysala emblem and scenes from epics like the Mahabarata, Bhagavata and Ramayana are depicted in the middle layers. The top most layer has swans. Despite not being ad attractive as the Malligarjuna temple, The Chandikeshwara temple is also a must see when it comes to its architecture. The garbhagriha of this temple has a superb Bhairava sculpture, opposite to which is a 20 foot pillar.
The walls of this temple are adorned with beautiful sculptures of Lord Ganesha, Keshav, Shanmuga and Shiva. Various sculptures depicting a 22 armed image of Lord Shiva killing the demon Andakasura, Shiva and Parvathi riding the Nandi, Vishnu riding Garuda, Ravana lifting the Kailasa, Nataraja, Harihara, Samudra Manthana, Kalinga Mardana, Hayagreva (god with a horse head), Yoganarashima, Lakshminaryana, Dancing Lakshminarashima, Vamana, Draupadi with a garland, Lord Brahma, 18 armed Durgi, Bhairava, and many more are found in this temple. The ceiling of the Ardha Mantap is intricately carved with images of the Ashtadikpalas.
Ashtadikpalas are the smaller gods who takes care of the eight directions of this world. Indira represents the East, Agni represents the South East, Yama represents the South, Nirurti represents the South West, Varuna the West, Vayu the North west, Kubera represents North and Ishana the North east.
Legend and Stories
It was built in the 13th Century by Harihara Dannayaka, who was in charge of the armies under the Hoysala King Narasimha II. The temple is currently maintained by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
How To Reach Basaralu
Regular flights to Mysore Airport are available from many cities in the south on regular basis. Taxis and buses are available from Mysore to Mandya.
Regular trains are available from many major cities of the country to Mandya.
Mandya is well connected to other major cities of the country via regular buses.
Devotees visit this temple to seek fulfillment of the following:-
- Trouble-free marital life
- Removal of physical ailments
- Cure from mental Problems
- Freedom from economic Problems
- Fearless disposition
Kailaasarana Shiva Chandramouli Phaneendra Maathaa Mukutee Zalaalee Kaarunya Sindhu Bhava Dukha Haaree Thujaveena Shambho Maja Kona Taaree
Meaning -Oh Lord Shiva who is seated on Mount Kailash, where the moon decorates his forehead and the king of serpents crown his head, who is merciful and removes delusion, You alone can protect me. I surrender to thee.
Aum Trayambakam Yajaamahey Sugandhim Pusti Vardhanam Urvaarukamiva Bandhanaath Mrutyor Muksheeya Maamritaat
Meaning -We worship the fragrant Lord Shiva, who has 3 eyes and who cultivates all beings. May He free me from death, for immortality, as even a cucumber is separated from its bond with the vine.
The temple is open from 6AM to 9PM.