• Kali

Dakshineshwar Temple


Dakshineswar Kali Temple is a Hindu temple situated in Dakshineswar close to Kolkata. Arranged on the eastern bank of the Hooghly River, the managing divinity of the temple is Bhavatarini, a part of Kali, signifying,She who frees Her enthusiasts from the sea of presence.The temple was constructed by Rani Rashmoni,a humanitarian and an aficionado of Kali in 1855.

The temple compound, aside from the nine-spired primary temple, contains a substantial yard encompassing the temple, with rooms along the limit dividers. There are twelve hallowed places devoted to Shiva - Kali's sidekick - along the riverfront, a temple to Radha-Krishna, a washing ghat on the stream, a holy place committed to Rani Rashmoni. Nahavat-Khana, the chamber in the northwestern corner just past the remainder of the Shiva temples, is the place Ramakrishna spent an extensive piece of his life.

Dakshineshwar Kali temple has a fascinating story. The development of this remarkable temple was introduced in the year 1847 and was completed in 1855. The credit for the arrangement of Calcutta Dakshineswar Kali temple goes to the ruler Rasmani of Janbazar. Situated on the bank of the Ganges, north of Belur Math in Kolkata, it is devoted to Goddess kali. It is an extensive temple covering a range of around 25 sections of land.

Ramakrishna Paramhansa, the celebrated profound pioneer is likewise connected with this temple, as it was here just that he had revered Goddess Kali and shaped an uncommon type of affection for her, which is prevalently known as maha-bhava in Hinduism. Perused on to think about the historical backdrop of Dakshineshwar Temple of Kolkata, India.

The legend connected with the foundation of the temple proposes that the ruler Rasmani was good to go to leave for the sacrosanct city of Banaras to revere the heavenly mother and look for her favours. Amid those times, passing by pontoon was the main doable choice, as there were no railroad lines in the middle of Calcutta and Banaras. Be that as it may, one night prior, it happened that heavenly mother kali showed up in the fantasies of Rani Rasmani and taught her to develop a wonderful temple on the banks of the Ganges River and introduce her object of worship in it. She likewise said that she would show herself in the picture over yonder and acknowledge her dedication. It is one of the biggest temples in Kolkata.

The Temple is presently under the control of a Board of Trustees. It is an unquestionable requirement visit, devout and chronicled place in Kolkata. Dakshineshwar Kali Temple is arranged close by the Vivekananda Bridge north of Calcutta, around 20 km. from BBD Bagh.The Dakshineswar Temple is an extensive temple complex, which covers around 25 sections of land of area.

Assembled in the customary Bengali "Nava-ratna" or nine spired structural style, the three-story temple complex has these towers on the upper two stories of this building. The sanctum sanctorum, which houses the dark icon of Goddess Kali who is additionally prominently known as 'Bhavataraini', is discovered remaining on the mid-section of Lord Shiva, garlanded with Hibiscus rosa-sinensis (Jaba) blossoms and gold and silver gems.

The twelve indistinguishable Shiva temples, which lie close to the Ganges River inside the temple's patio, are normal of Bengal's "Aat Chala" design style. The especially receptive Rani longed that travellers of all throws and religions could offer requests to God at the temple. Her fantasies were satisfied following regardless of religion and ranks Dakshineswar is thronged by a large number of devotees and appreciated for its quiet climate.

About the Temple

Fabricated in the customary 'Nava-ratna' or nine towers style of Bengal structural planning, the three-storeyed south-bound temple has nine towers appropriated in upper two stories, and remains on a high stage with a flight of stairs, general it gauges 46 feet (14 m) square and ascends more than 100 feet (30 m) high.

The temple alongside its withstanding ranges compasses 25 sections of land of area, which makes Dakshineswar temple one of the greatest temples in Kolkata. The fundamental temple reason is around 46 sq ft. Dakshineswar temple was implicit the conventional 'Nava-ratna' or nine towers style of Bengal structural engineering. The top of the temple towers have been scored imaginatively with a hitting likeness with the Pirhas. The temple wears a giant, stretched structure, laying on a high stage with a flight of stairs. It is a three-story, south-confronted temple. The nine towers of the temple are dispersed in upper two stories. A thin secured verandah has been raised, which serves as a group of people chamber and it is joined to the sanctum, which houses the goddess Dakshina Kali. An enormous extensive Natmandir (Dancing lobby) has been raised before the temple.

The garbha griha (sanctum sanctorum) houses a symbol of goddess Kali, known as Bhavataraini, remaining on the mid-section of a lying Shiva, and the two icons are put on a thousand-petaled lotus made of silver. Near the primary temple are the line of twelve indistinguishable Shiva temples constructed confronting the east in the average 'Aat Chala' Bengal structural engineering, they are based on either side of the ghat on the Hoogly stream. Toward the North east of the Temple Complex is the Vishnu Temple or the Radha Kanta's Temple. A flight of steps lead to the ordered verandah and into the temple where a silver throne rests with a 21 1⁄2-inch (550 mm) symbol of Lord Krishna and a 16-inch (410 mm) icon of Radha.

This Kali Temple in Dakshineswar is all that much connected with Sri Ramakrishna Pramhans, as he was one of the soonest ministers of the temple. His room, which settles at the temple reason, can be gotten to by all devotees, who visit the temple.

Tuesdays and Saturdays are accepted as favorable day for Kali venerate. On both nowadays, there is an immense gathering of aficionados at the Dakshineswar temple. The Sandhya Aarti is the prime fascination of enthusiasts, which is genuinely astounding.

Directing Deity Shrine

Kali Temple

Dakshineswar Temple was established on the 31st of May,1855;18 Jaistha 1262 b.s. The heavenly tithi was of Jagannath Deva Snanyatra. The Dakshineswar temple was established on this propitious day in the wake of confronting numerous contentions.The Rani Ma got by her kin out of worship,regard and cherish, introduced Sri Jagadishwari Ma,the mother of the universe under the organization of Sri Rama Kumar Chattopadhaya. From youthful Gadadhar's coming to Dakshineshwar alongside senior sibling Rama Kumar to his change into the Avatar of the age, has turned into a legend now.

Sub Deity Shrine

Temples of Shiva

A progression of 12 indistinguishable Shiva temples are built up inside of the premises of the Devalaya. Inverse to the Kuthi Bari these temples are near the banks of the River Ganga. The inside of the temples is done in white and dark stone and each of the temples houses Shiva lingas done in dark stone. The temples confront the east and are developed in the commonplace 'Aat Chala' Bengal building design. The arrangement of temples are partitioned by the Chadni (River bank), keeping the six Shiva temples to one side and the other six to one side. Requests to God are offered here consistently and it arrived Sri Ramkrishna is said to have contemplated here to achieve edification.

Vishnu Temple

Toward the north east of the Temple Complex is the Vishnu Temple or the Radha Kanta's Temple. A flight of steps lead to the ordered verandah and into the temple where a silver throne rests with a 21 and half crawls symbol of Lord Krishna and 16 inches icon of Radha. Every day puja is performed here and it is said that Sri Ramakrishna himself offered puja here. In a room alongside it has the first symbol of Lord Krishna which was supplanted when more than once the leg of the icon broke. In spite of the fact that it was repaired subsequent to the season of Sri Ram Krishna it has at last to be supplanted by the present symbol in 1930 by the Debottar Estate.

The Panchavati garden, an assembly of five antiquated trees, situated in close closeness to the Dakshineswar Temple is pleasantly finished and is very much kept up by the temple advisory group. It is said that Sri Ramakriahna used to contemplate at this very site.

The head minister, Ramkumar Chhattopadhyay kicked the bucket one year from now in 1856 and his yonger sibling, Gadadhar (or Gadai) turned into the cleric of the Dakshineswar Kali Temple. Before long, the inclination of finding reality of life made him take sannyas under the sage Totapuri who gave him the sobriquet, Paramhansa. The temple is currently celebrated for its relationship with Shri Thakur Ramakrishna Paramhansa. From that point until his demise 30 years after the fact in 1886, Ramakrishna was in charge of getting much the method for both distinction and travelers to the temple. This temple is extremely promising to Bengalees in light of the fact that Sri Ramakrishna Parmahansa Deva and Ma Sarada Mani.

There is a different fenced in area, just before the primary access to the temple where around 30-40 lasting shops offer all puja things like wreaths and agarbattis and so on and devotees are allowed to pick your offerings.

You need to enter the temple premises without shoes.The temple complex is spotless, roomy, tranquil and calm.The temple premises would be swarmed with devotees on propitious or unique days, as acclaimed Kalpataru Utsav, which celebrates on January 1 consistently. Kalpataru Utsav remembers the day on January 1, 1886 when his adherents trust that Ramakrishna uncovered himself to be an Avatar, or God incarnate on earth. Devotees from everywhere throughout the nation thronged the Temple at Dakshineshwar. However, you will likewise be astounded to see that it has parcel more teach in correlation to numerous different temples. There will be a line. Then again, you won't get much time to see the divinity and may be requested that push forward rapidly.

I would prescribe you to go the temple early morning, offer a puja, eat in the adjacent shops and after that make a beeline for Belur Math, the base camp of the Ramakrishna Math and Mission, established by Swami Vivekananda, with whom Ramkrishna built up a bizarre religious connection and formed him in his own particular manner. He taught Naren reality of life by giving him a chance to see a look at the sacred soul. It was Vivekananda in later days, who held high the teachings of Sri Ramakrishna to the world by framing the Belur Math.

The temple compound, likewise contains an expansive patio encompassing the temple, with rooms along the limit walls. The fundamental temple's boundless yard is encompassed by 12 indistinguishable Shiva temples of "Atchala" structural engineering. The individual twelve Sivalingas in the Dakshineswar temple are Yogeswar, Jatneswar, Jatileswar, Nakuleswar, Nakeswar, Nirjareswar, Nareswar, Nandiswar, Nageswar, Jagadiswar, Jaleswar and Yajneswar.

About the Deity

The managing god of the Dakshineswar Temple is Goddess Kali or also called Bhavatarini. The principle hallowed place in the Dakshineswar Temple perplexing, known as the Navaratna Temple, has the symbol of Goddess Kali remaining on the prostrate assortment of Lord Shiva on a silver lotus with thousand petals. Other than this, 12 temples, encompassing the Navaratna Temple, are devoted to Lord Shiva. Goddess Kali is additionally venerated as Uma, Gauri, Parvati, Jagatmata, Durga, Chandi and Bhairavi. Later, a temple of Rani Rashmoni was fabricated inside of the temple premises.

The icon of Goddess Kali was sanctified on 31st May 1855, with customs being driven by the head cleric Sri Ramkumar Chattopadhyay. Before long his sibling Sri Gadadhar Chattopadhyay (later known as Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa) went along with him. After a year Sri Ramkumar Chattopadhyay kicked the bucket and Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa alongside his wife Sarada Devi were made responsible for the Temple. They lived in the Temple Complex, where a sanctum has now come up for Sarada Devi. Sri Ramakrishna stayed accountable for the Temple for a long time, until his passing in 1886. He was in charge of conveying notoriety and travellers to the Temple. What's more, his religious school of thought prompted the development of the popular and overall present Ramakrishna Mission, initially settled by his boss pupil Sri Swami Vivekananda.

The symbols of the Gods and the Goddess were chosen to be introduced on the snana-yatra day, a favourable day of the Hindus. 31st May 1855, more than 1 lakh Brahmins were welcomed from various parts of the nation to elegance the promising event in the midst of the contention of the Rani being in no position to claim a temple and to offer Brahmins to nourish since she was of low birth.

Dakshineswar Kali Temple is committed to Goddess Bhavatarini, a part of Kali Maa. The temple is developed in three stories with great style. In the primary holy place the goliath statue of Goddess Kali is cherished on a silver lotus blossom having a large number of petals. One of the legs of the symbol is on the group of Lord Shiva who is lying on a level plane on the bloom. Encompassing the sanctum sanctorum of Goddess Kali there are twelve backup temples committed to Mahadev where the ceremonies are performed on Shiva Lingams. The landmark devoted to ruler Rasmoni is situated close to the primary passageway of the temple. Aside from these, there is one lovely place of worship for Lord Lakshminarayan where Lord Vishnu together with his consort Goddess Lakshmi is venerated. The agile look of this landmark pulls in the devotees touching base here.

The cause of Durga or Kali

Goddess Durga's triumph over the evil spirit Mahishasura symbolizes the triumph of the profound measurement of humankind over the baser common interests. At the point when stood up to with the evil presence King Mahishasura, the Goddess Durga was made out of the stream lightning pouring forward from the mouths of Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Mahesh (Shiva). Goddess Durga was furnished with the best of weapons by the Holy Trinity.

Maa Kali symbolizes the darker side of life and embodies quality. Enthusiasts trust that the Goddess Kali will shield them from the evil spirits and their cold-bloodedness. Devotees revere her in various structures, for example, Shyama, Adya Maa, Tara Maa, Dakshina Kalika, Shasan Kali, Chamundi and Bhadrakali; she has four arms and holds a sword in her upper left hand and an evil presences head on the lower left hand. Her other two hands favour her devotees. Her eyes are red and her body is spread with blood. Her three eyes speak of three methods of time, the past, present and future. She was bound to obliterate all disasters and their brutality. She has such a great amount of charm in the executing spree that she continued murdering everything inside of her sight. To stop this, Lord Shiva, tossed himself under her feet. She was so stunned with this demonstration of Lord Shiva, that she stuck her tongue out. Henceforth we have the regular picture of Kali remaining with her feet on Shiv's mid-section and her tongue out.

In Bengal, Maa Kali is worshiped all over the place and people will discover a Kali Temple practically in each area, incorporating into Delhi. She is likely one of the world's most capable images of Shakti, a crude celestial ladylike vitality. In Kolkata, there are various blessed holy places of goddess Kali. Today, I will take you to one of the greatest and finest chronicled temple of goddess Kali, Dakshineswar Kali Temple.

Legend and Stories

At the point when the Gods lay depleted in the wake of warring with the devils, the shrewd natured evil presence lord Mahishasura took the chance to collect an armed force and announce himself Lord of Heaven, Ruler of the Universe.

This impiety came to Vishnu's ears and, in resentment; he gave forward an unpleasant light from his temple. Shiva, as well, was furious, rose from his grandiose condition of reflection and transmitted a sharp beam of blinding light in the same bearing as Vishnu. Brahma, Indra and the other compelling Gods did similarly, every issuing forward puncturing beams of light. Every one of the Gods' beams joined at one point and, gradually, the blasting convergence of light came to fruition as a lady.

The light of Shiva shaped her face; Yama gave her hair and Vishnu her arms. From the light of Chandra, the moon God, her two bosoms were shaped. Indra displayed her waist and Varuna her thighs. Earth gave her hips and Brahma gave her feet. The light from the flame God, Agni, designed her three eyes. In this manner, all divine beings contributed their energy to show the favourable Devi, the immense Mother Goddess (Devi is gotten from the Sanskrit root word "div" which means "to sparkle"- the Shining One).

When the Devi was full-fledged, the Immortals implored her and worshiped her with acclaim, decorations and weapons. Shiva gave her a trident drawn forward from his own, Vishnu an effective disk, and Indra, the lord of the Gods, gave her a thunderbolt indistinguishable to his own. Surya, the sun God, offered his beams on every one of the pores of her skin, and Varuna, God of the sea, gave her a celestial peak gem, hoops, arm ornaments and a laurel of unfading lotuses.

Triumph to the Mother, yelled the Gods as they viewed the evil presence forces approach with the thumping of drums, rallying calls, and the blowing of conches.

Devi was of colossal size and very unmistakable, the evil spirits walked straight toward her, assaulting from all sides with bolts, clubs, swords, and lances.

Unperturbed, the Devi thundered boisterously and chuckled a terrifying, disobedient giggle. And after that her ten arms pivoted, on the other hand crushing weapons of the evil spirits and heaving them back at her assailants. Without lifting a finger, she grabbed many evil spirits on the double, slaughtering them with her sword. A few evil presences she didn't considerably try to get. She stunned them with the gigantic clamour of her ringer and after that pulverized them with her mace.

The evil spirit Raktabija gave the savage Mother Goddess a decent lot of inconveniences. He had an exceptional supernatural force which permitted him to make new evil spirits from his own particular blood. At whatever point the Goddess injured him, every drop of blood that spilled to the ground grew another evil spirit loaded with quality and severity. Be that as it may, at last the Mother outsmarted him. She grabbed Raktabija and lifted him high into the air to abstain from spilling his blood on the ground, and after that, grinding him between her teeth, she drank his blood and gulped down him.

Different devils, as well, attempted to mistake the Goddess for their mystical forces. At whatever point they were undermined by the Devi, they changed their structure and shading. Be that as it may, who can get away from the colossal Mother? Bound by her noose and spitting blood, these evil spirits were soon gotten by the Devi. Also, similar to a tyke pulling a toy train, she dragged them over the combat zone where scores of evil presences effectively lay split into two by the sharp slices of her sword.

Grabbing a few elephants with one hand, the Devi flung them into her mouth and, together with the evil presence drivers; she angrily ground them up with her teeth. She seized one evil presence by the hair and another by the neck. One she pulverized by the heaviness of her foot and another she smashed with her body.

The Mother's horrendous vicinity filled even the sky. Dark mists accumulated and unnerving lightning lit up the horrible shapes on the ground. There were devils without arms, without legs, and evil spirits torn apart amidst their trunks.

Whenever Mahishasura, the ruler of the evil spirits, saw his armed force crushed by the blows of the unpleasant Mother Goddess, his fierceness knew no limits. He extended his body to tackle the wild state of a mammoth bison. Inebriated with his own quality and valor, he thundered and hurried for the Devi.

"Thunder, thunder, O fool,"yelled the Goddess. "Thunder for a minute. When you are killed by me, the divine beings will soon thunder in this very put."

The earth started to tremble under the stepping feet of the Goddess. Mahishasura battled energetically however couldn't vanquish the Devi. So he spoke to her feeling of equity, grumbling that she battled in an unreasonable way. The Devi, he asserted, got assistance from such a large number of wild Goddesses - Durga, Kali, Chamunda, Ambika, and others - and he, Mahishasura, needed to battle without anyone else.

"I am isolated on the planet here," thundered the Devi. "Who else is there other than me? It couldn't be any more obvious, O abominable one; these Goddesses are yet my diverse forces which again go into my own self. I remain solitary. Try not to back off; safeguard yourself."

The savage battle proceeded, and the colossal evil spirit assaulted the Mother Goddess with showers of bolts. He flung disks, swinging his clubs and mace. Without any result. The Devi murdered him with her lance, discharging the spirit from its malevolence natured body and mind.

Dust mists conveyed the stench of seared skin and decaying tissue to the crimson skyline. The evil spirits had been murdered, and their blood streamed, gathering here and there in little pools around the cadavers of elephants and steeds. Just some headless middles of evil spirits who declined to surrender life still battled the Devi. The fight screeches had passed on and the main cries now were those of jackals and hyenas. There was nothing left to slaughter, however the blood-inebriated Mother as Kali proceeded with the massacre - crushing and slicing dead evil presences once more.

The Gods, who had started to commend triumph, got to be loaded with apprehension. Why should going stop her? There was special case who could: Shiva, the considerable God. Besmeared with fiery debris, the third God of the Hindu Trinity went to the combat zone and set down unmoving among the bodies while whatever is left of the Gods viewed from a sheltered separation.

The inebriated Kali lurched crosswise over cadavers until, all of a sudden, she wound up remaining on top of a delightful male body - bare and besmeared with white cinders. Awed, she stopped for a minute, looked down at him, and saw straight into the eyes of her spouse Shiva. When she understood that she was touching her heavenly spouse with her feet - an unimaginably discourteous represent a Hindu wife - Kali extended her tongue in disgrace and the decimation reached an end.

For the individuals who have thought about their own particular sense of self, the exemplification of the evil presences in this story is striking. At the point when the evil spirits initially witnessed the Mother they charged. The obscurity sees the light and does not understand it. The sense of self assaults what it doesn't comprehend or that which debilitates it.

The evil spirit with the mystical force of growing another devil every time a drop of its blood achieves the ground is reminiscent of profound pride. This is the force of the self image to blow up itself over saw accomplishment in gaining profound ground. Along these lines otherworldly advance is beside unimaginable the length of profound pride continues growing another evil presence every time the sense of self is sliced by some otherworldly knowledge or experience.The inner self whispers in our ear, "See what an incredible profound applicant you are."

Different evil spirits changed structure when debilitated by the Devi. The self image moves its position with dumbfounding tricky by the force of legitimization. Mahishasura, the evil spirit lord, was inebriated with his quality and valor and changed into a wild ox. The inner self is constantly overwhelmed by pretentiousness. When he saw that he was not winning, he attempted to trick the Mother with self-centeredness and asserted that Her numerous structures were an out of line point of preference. The Mother saw through the ploy and wrecked his self-centeredness with the Truth expressing that there was one and only Mother. The inner self was wrecked and the spirit discovered freedom in Her brisk and destructive lance of empathy.

As alluded to in sacred texts, the conception of Goddess Kali or Kalika occurred upon the enthusiastic requests to God of the contemporary Gods and Goddesses, after they were vanquished in the hands of the two Asura siblings, Shumbha and Nishumbha. Goddess Kali was made out of the assemblage of Adyashakti, the wellspring of primordial vitality. Goddess Kali is the first of the ten Mahavidyas. She is additionally alluded to as Kousiki and Mahakali.

Social Backdrop of Bengal

At the point when India was all the while grabbing under the British standard making a decent attempt to settle set around the English, the first influx of patriotism held the courageous troopers of Barrackpur, that mutual the same waterway line where the Dakshineswar Temple would be fabricated, prompted the Sepoy Mutiny Revolt in 1857. Kolkata was the capital of the nation and was then the second biggest city of the British Empire just beside London. This new enthusiasm of devoted intensity soon spread in the midst of the essential individuals of the city. Among them was the daring and profoundly religious Rani Rashmoni who is one of the pioneers to noiselessly rebel against the outside tenet.

Dakshineswar in the Early 1800s and Before

In the mid-1800s, Dakshineswar was a little town along the eastern banks of the River Ganga.Thick backwoods encompassed the territory where the renowned Dakshineswar temple stands today. It was 300 years back when Durgaprasad Roy Choudhury and Bhavaniprasad Roy Choudhury, individuals from the famous Savarna Roy Choudhury family settled here. Yogindranath one of the successors of this family was an enthusiastic follower of Sri Ramakrishna who later was known as Swami Yogananda.

Rani Rashmoni, author of the temple

The renowned Dakshineswar Kali temple which houses the Goddess Kali was established by Rani Rashmoni taking after a fantasy she saw when she was going to begin on her journey to Benaras. A long haul arrangement of the Rani appeared which she had yearned to perform when her spouse kicked the bucket with unfulfilled wish of building a Kali temple.

A dynamic lady, Rani Rashmoni assumed control over the organization of the colossal domain her spouse left her. The generous director, Rani Rashmoni was dependably in strife with the stringent British laws and arrangements. Individuals regarded her and cherished her for her challenging and altruistic soul. Dakshineswar temple, showering ghats, a path from Subarnarekha River to Puri, Imperial Library (present National Library) and Hindu College (present Presidency College) are the testimonials to her considerate nature.

Consumption on plot

The fantasy had moved the Rani strongly and she trained her trusted individuals exceptionally her most youthful child in law to search for plots to develop the Kali Temple. After a huge chase for suitable plots, a 20-acred plot in the town of Dakshineswar was chosen. The area took after a mound of a tortoise. One part of this area fit in with a European Christian while the other part was a Muslim cemetery. The Rani started to develop this Hindu temple in 1847 on this very ground therefore incorporating diverse beliefs. The Deed of gift states "keeping in mind the end goal to satisfy his wish, on sixth September 1847 I acquired 54.4 bighas of area at the expense of Rs. 42 thousand and 500 from James Hasty. I made to construct a puca Navaratna temple, twelve Shiva temples (twelve jyotirlingam), a Vishnu temple and a Natmandir on the area. On 31st May 1855 I put luxminarayan Shila in the Navaratna temple according to the wish of my late spouse furthermore for the welfare of his spirit." The deed was executed on 31st May 1855.

Swami Saradananda specified in the Lilaprasanga, 'It is recorded in the Endowment archive that the place that is known for the Kali temple complex is 60 bighas.' In the paper itself, we go over the way that the plot ascertained to 54 1/2 bighas, with the surroundings of the Ganges in west, the place that is known for Kashinath Roy Choudhury in east and the developments of John Hastie in south. Later a part of the plot was utilized for a railroad line and for the Vivekananda Bridge. So the present entirety of the area mass is around 58 bighas.

Establishment of Ma Kali

Rani Rashmoni monitoring the issue talked about long with the savants, yet none could take care of her issue. Just Ramkumar Chattopadhayay,Sri Ramakrishna's senior sibling recommended that devoting the temple to a Brahmin could conquer the current issue.

The temple was devoted for the sake of Rani's Guru, and Ramkumar, was the head cleric, who introduced the icon of Kali in the new temple with a great quality on Thursday, 31st May, 1855. Numerous Intellectuals of shastras (sacred writings), Brahmin savants, and commended researchers landed from removed spots such as Kashi, Orissa, and Navadvip.

Inside of a year he passed away leaving the whole obligation to his more youthful sibling, Ramakrishna, who amid the ensuing thirty years turned into the seeker of the Goddess Kali and a vigorous enthusiast who imbedded the seed of progress in the socio-religious state of Bengal and earned huge notoriety for the Dakshineswar temple.

The uncommonly liberal Rani longed that pioneers of all throws and religions could offer requests to God at the temple. Her fantasies were satisfied subsequent to independent of religion and ranks Dakshineswar is thronged by a great many aficionados and respected for its serene feel.

Handover the legacy to the temple trust

The Rani lived just for a long time and nine months after the initiation of the temple. She truly fell sick in 1861. Understanding that demise was drawing closer she chose to handover the property she obtained in Dinajput (now in Bangladesh) as a legacy for the upkeep of the temple to the temple trust. She achieved her undertaking on eighteenth February, 1861 and passed away on the consequent day.

The Dakshineswar Kali Temple was established around the center of the nineteenth Century by Rani Rashmoni. Rani Rashmoni was a Mahishya by caste and was surely understood for her generous exercises. In the year 1847, Rashmoni, arranged to go upon a long journey to the holy Hindu city of Kashi to express her commitments to the Divine Mother. Rani was to go in twenty four water crafts, conveying relatives, hirelings and supplies. According to conventional records, the night prior to the journey started, Rashmoni had a dream of the Divine Mother, as the goddess Kali in a fantasy and purportedly said," There is no compelling reason to go to Banaras. Introduce my statue in a lovely temple on the banks of the Ganges waterway and orchestrate my love there. At that point I might show myself in the picture and acknowledge revere at that place."

Significantly influenced by the fantasy, Rani instantly searched for and acquired a 20-acred plot in the town of Dakshineswar. The extensive temple complex was fabricated somewhere around 1847 and 1855. The 20-section of land (81,000 m2) plot was purchased from an Englishman, John Hastie and was then prominently known as Saheban Bagicha, halfway old Muslim graveyard molded like a tortoise, considered befitting for the love of Shakti as indicated by Tantra conventions, it took eight years and nine hundred thousand rupees to finish the development, lastly the icon of Goddess Kali was introduced on the Snana Yatra day on 31 May 1855, in the midst of merriments at the temple formally known as Sri Jagadishwari Mahakali, with Ramkumar Chhattopadhyay as the head cleric; soon his more youthful sibling Gadai or Gadadhar (later known as Ramakrishna) moved in thus did nephew Hriday to help him. On 31 May 1855 more than 1 lakh Brahmins were welcomed from various parts of the nation to beauty the propitious event. The following year, Ramkumar Chhattopadhyay kicked the bucket, the position was given to Ramakrishna, alongside his wife Sarada Devi, who stayed in the south side of the Nahabat (music room), in a little room on the ground floor, which now an altar devoted to her.

From that point until his demise 30 years after the fact in 1886, Ramakrishna was in charge of acquiring much the method for both popularity and travelers to the temple. Rani Rashmoni lived just for a long time and nine months after the initiation of the temple. She truly fell sick in 1861. Understanding that her passing was close she chose to handover the property she acquired in Dinajput (now in Bangladesh) as a legacy for the upkeep of the temple to the temple trust. She fulfilled her errand on 18 February 1861 and kicked the bucket on the following day.


The Dakshineshwar temple was built by Rani Rashmoni in 1847. It is a 12-spired temple with its enormous courtyard which is surrounded by twelve other temples. It is a famous place for a pilgrimage. It was at this place that philosopher and thinker, Rama Krishna Paramahamsa, attained his spiritual vision. He then went on to preach the unity of all religions. Ramakrishna served as the temple's head priest. Since the first days of his service in the temple, he was filled with a rare form of love for the Goddess. This is called maha bhava. Ramakrishna would be overcoming with an ecstatic form of love for the deity. He would fall onto the ground and was immersed in spiritual trance. He tended to lose consciousness of the external world. He fully realized and all-inclusive nature of the divine.

The Temple which is devoted to Goddess Bhavatarini, along a part of Goddess Kali, Dakshineswar Temple is arranged on the eastern side of River Hooghly in Dakshineswar area of Kolkata. The development of the temple was begun in the year 1847 by Queen Rasmani and was finished in 1855. It was sanctified around the same time. Covering almost 25 sections of land of area, the temple of Dakshineswar is one of the biggest sanctuaries in Kolkata. There are 9 spired primary sanctuaries devoted to Goddess Kali and 12 hallowed places along the limit divider committed to Lord Shiva. Along the riverfront, there is a temple committed to Lord Krishna and Radha. By legend, Goddess Kali came in the fantasies of Queen Rasmani before the day when she was to leave for a journey to Benaras. Goddess exhorted the ruler not to go to Benaras and fabricate a temple on the banks of River Ganges there itself. She would show the picture and acknowledge reveres. It was then the area was purchased and the temple was constructed. It is likewise said that it arrived that the colossal Saint Ramakrishna had accomplish tended his profound vision.

The altruistic chairman who is Rani Rashmoni was dependably in struggle with the stringent British laws and strategies. Individuals respected her and adored her for her challenging and kindhearted soul. Dakshineswar temple has showering ghats which are route from Subarnarekha River to Puri, Imperial Library (present National Library) and Hindu College (present Presidency College) is the testimonials to her kind nature.

Today if enthusiasts visit the heavenly Dakshineswar temple, its serves as the crude profound vitality wraps oneself. Lakhs of commits come and offer petitions to God to the managing divinity with the standard red hibiscus blooms and sandesh or sweetmeat.

Other than the primary Kali temple in the temple complex there are 12 Shiva sanctuaries right inverse to the principle temple. Each of them is installed with a Shiva Lingam. Aside from the Shiva sanctuaries, a perfect Lord Laxmi Narayan temple too draws in crowds of aficionados.

One can likewise visit the legacy of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa and maybe even get a whiff of his sacred embodiment by going by his family room where he resiedes now and again , which is found towards the North West corner of the temple. The bed in which Sri Ramakrishna used to rest is precisely protected. On top of the bed, a photo of the expert has been kept. All over the room, there are photos of awesome men and ladies who had the heavenly fortune of interacting with the expert. There is outright hush inside the room and individuals originate from everywhere throughout the world to spend a couple of valuable minutes at this heavenly chamber.

Twelve indistinguishable hallowed places of Shiva enhance the reason of Dakshineswar Temple, every lodging Shiv Lingas of dark stone.The Panchavati garden, where assembly of five old trees is found is a perfect spot for reflection. Belur Math, another vital vacation destination of Kolkata is situated at a separation of 3 km from Dakshineswar Temple and it is an 'absolute necessity visit' place.

Social Significance

The Dakshineshwar Temple was established by the colossally change minded Rani Rashmoni. She needed the temple to be a journey site for individuals of all positions, statement of faith and religion.The Dakshineshwar Temple was halfway based upon a Muslim graveyard. The social essentialness of the temple is affirmed by the way that the absolute most famous profound identities of the country were connected with the temple i.e. Ramakrishna Paramhansa, Swami Vivekananda, Sri Anandamayi Maa, Neem Karoli Baba, Swami Ramdas and Paramahansa Yogananda.


The appropriate time of day to visit the Dakshineshwar Temple is from 7:00 AM to 12:00 PM and 4:00 PM to 9:00 PM. In the temple,Tuesdays and Saturdays are the most propitious days as far as goddess Kali is concerned. Both these days are very crowded with a number of devotees. It is advisable to visit the temple during the morning hours between 7:00 AM to 8:00 AM. One can also visit the temple after sunset. The Sandhya Aarati or Evening Aarati is absolutely amazing and the entire temple reverberates with spiritual vibrations. From October to March, the timings change thus from 6:00 AM to 12:30 PM and 3:00 PM to 8:30 PM.

Other vitalities around the Temple

No visit to Dakshineswar is finished without offering petitions to God at the Adya Ma temple only 2km far from the primary temple at Dakshineswar Ramakrishna Sangha Adyapeath which was initiated in the year1921. The dharshan at this temple is temporarily. One ought to arrive by 10 a.m. You can watch the one hour Puja and Arti furthermore have bhog (lunch).

Adya Ma temple - One cannot see the deity straightforwardly.There is a different enormous lobby directly before the entryways of the principle temple and individuals can stay there to watch the "aarti". In any case, the issue with that place is the timing. The entryways are open only for 60 minutes or so amid the day which is very baffling.

Around the Dakshineswar fundamental Temple passage there are umpteen shops.A recreation amusement park is additionally getting prepared. The temple stays open from 6 AM to 1.00 PM and 3 00 PM to 8 30 or 9 00 PM. One can check up the definite time before arranging the outing.

Guests ought not be feeling the loss of any possibility of tasting the mouthwatering puchkas, churmur, Naleen gud sandesh and masala lemon tea, Luchis, pedas and jilabis sold in little shops in all that perfect environment around the temple territory.



Kolkata is well connected by air to all major countries in the world, as well as to Indian cities. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is 20 km from city centre. There are a number of domestic airlines that connect Kolkata with other major cities of India like Ahmedabad, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Lucknow, Mumbai, and Port Blair.

The air carriers that have flights to and from the city include Aeroflot, Air France, Air India, Biman Bangladesh, British Airways, Cathay Pacific, Gulf Air, Indian Airlines, Japan Airlines, Jet Airways, KLM-Royal Dutch Airlines, Royal Jordanian Airlines, Royal Nepal Airlines, Singapore Airlines and Thai Airways International.


Trains are available from all parts of the country to Calcutta. There are super fast trains like Rajdhani Express and Shatabdi Express that join Calcutta from Delhi and other nearby places. Most inward bound trains stop at Howrah, which is also the station from which major trains to other cities depart. Most trains heading to areas such as New Jalpaiguri and other provinces in the north-east stop at the other station, Sealdah. Local trains to nearby towns are available from both stations, depending on which part of West Bengal you want to go to.


The city of joy is well linked with almost all the cities of India by road. The Esplanade Terminus is the main bus terminus that lies in the heart of the city. The latest development is the starting of Dhaka-Calcutta buses, which are fully air-conditioned and also very comfortable. A few buses ply from Orissa and Bihar to Calcutta. However, these are highly uncomfortable and best avoided. Buses are also available to nearby towns, especially if you wish to visit Siliguri and New Jalpaiguri on your trip to Calcutta. Depending on which direction you're heading in, buses could depart from the end of the Maidan near Chowringhee Road, or the bus stand at Babu Ghat near Fort William. A few tour operators have their own private bus stands, so do make inquiries.

Temple Timings

Dakshineswar Kali Temple & Debottar Estate
P.O. - Alambazar, Kolkata-700 035
West Bengal,India.


Devotees visit this temple to seek fulfillment of the following:-

  • For happiness
  • For prosperity
  • For protection against hardships

Jayantii Manggalaa Kaalii Bhadrakaalii Kapaalinii Durgaa Shivaa Kssamaa Dhaatrii Svaahaa Svadhaa Namostu Te

Meaning -We salute the Devi Kali, who is always victorious and always auspicious, we offer salutations to Bhadrakali Devi who wears a skull garland, we salute Shiva's consort and the embodiment of self-control and supports all beings, Devi Durga, who is Swaha as well as Swadha. We offer our salutations to you.

Om Maha Kalyai Ca Vidmahe Smasana Vasinyai Ca Dhimahi Tanno Kali Prachodayat

Meaning -Om the great Goddess Kali who stays in the ocean of life and burial grounds, we focus our energies on you, may you grant us our wishes and bless us

Kaalika Kalahey Gorey Paathuthvaam Parameshwari Mandapey Thathra Mathangi Thatha Sowmya Swayamwarey

Meaning -Let the ever charming, mother of the universe, protect us and stay in this mandap and bestow her blessing on us as mother Mathangi.

Katyayani Mahamaye Mahayoginyadheeshwari Nandgopsutam Devipatim Me Kuru Te Namah

Meaning -Oh Goddess Katyayani, the great vigour of the Lord, the owner of great magical power and the mighty one who controls all, please make the son of Nanda Maharaj my husband. I offer my salutations to you.


7:00 AM to 12:00 PM and 4:00 PM to 9:00 PM

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