The Parthasarathy Temple is an eighth Century God Krishna temple situated at Triplicane, also known as Tiruvallikeni, Chennai, India. Tiruvallikeni village dates back to the Pallava period and earlier and is seen in records. The village's name itself is derived from Lily pond (Alli Keni) in front of the temple, where it it said that Goddess Vedavalli, consort of Lord Ranganatha, one of the five main deities, was born in a Lily flower. The pond itself was amidst a Tulasi forest (densed with Basil trees). Thus the temple forms the core of the area's history. The Temple is one among the 108 Divya Desams devoted to God Vishnu. The Temple was initially built by the Pallavas King Narasimhavarman 1. An one of a kind, this temple has holy places dedicated to five roopas of God Vishnu: Narasimhar, Ramar, Varadaraja, Ranganathar and Krishna.
About the Temple
The Parthasarathy Temple is an engineering wonder where the 5 symbols of God Vishnu are available. The temple has two gopurams (tower) every in eastern and western headings. The temple has five vimanams to be specific Anatha Nilaya Vimanam over Parthasarathy holy place, Ranganathar Sannidhi vimanam, Ramar sannathy vimanam, Narasimha sannidhi vimanam and Andal Sannidhi vimanam. The temple tank called 'Thiruallikeni' is gotten from the spot where Vishnu's consort Lakshmi herself was born as Vedavalli to Sage Bhrigu. The tank contains five wells and lies inverse toward the eastern passage of the temple.
The temple has two principle places of worship assembled consecutive. The Mulavar (primary divinity), Parthasarathy the charioteer for Partha (Arjuna) pseudonym Venkata Krishnan, facing East. Alongside his consort Rukmani Piratiyar, he holds conch in one hand and the Varadha Muthirai then again. Krishna's sibling Balarama is situated to his right side, Satyaki to one side; Krishna's child Pradyumna and grandson Aniruddha are likewise found in the sanctum. This is one of the Vishnu abodes where the Vishnu is available alongside his three eras. The holy place of Narasimha (Thellia Singhar) confronts west and generally as the principle sanctum, there is a different passage and banner post (Dwajasthambam) for Narasimha. The god is situated in Veetrirundha Yoga thirukolam (Sitting Posture). There is an altar for Ranganatha (Sri Mannanathar) and Ramar situated in the section to the fundamental sanctum. Ranganatha is in Bujanga Sayanam, leaning back stance confronting east. The holy place of his consort, Vedavalli Thayaar, is found parallel to the fundamental sanctum, confronting east. There is a place of worship of Gajendra Varadar. There is a hallowed place for Rama (a symbol of Vishnu), referred to here as Chakravarthi Thirumagan. He is seen here with his whole family, i.e., consort Sita Piratti, siblings Lakshmana, Bharatha, Shatrughna and aficionado Hanuman. It is one of the not very many temples in the nation committed to Krishna as Parthasarathy, charioteer of Arjuna and to contains idols of three avataras of Vishnu: Narasimha, Rama, and Krishna. As a result of the temple's relationship with Krishna, Tiruvallikeni came to be viewed as the Southern Brindavana.
The five Deities in the temple are believed to have been worshipped by the Saptha Rishis i.e. Bhrigu, Manchi, Atri, Markandeya, Sumathi, Saptharoma and Jabali and also have been extoled by two of the earliest Alwars viz. Thirumazhisai Alwar, Peyalwar and later on by Thirumangai mannan or Kaliyan, who is considered to be the last of the Alwars.
About the Deity
Sri Parthasarathy's face is depicted with scars made by the Great's bolts Bhishma in the Kurukshetra war. Other intriguing thing is that, God Krishna is seen with a mustache and without his weapon Chakra. The reason ascribed is that he guaranteed not to take weapons in the Mahabharatha war and henceforth he has just his conch. As He was the charioteer He wore the mustache keeping with the convention. The Utsavar likewise has just a stick and not his mace as found with others. This is on the grounds that the Lord was conceived in a cowherd tribe. The Thilagam is adorned with diamonds having a Safire in the centre resembling the full moon in the crystal clear blue sky.
Legends and Stories
As per Brahmanda purana, King Sumathy appealed to God Thiruvengada of the Seven Hills to give him darshan as the Charioteer (SARATHY) to PARTHA (Arjun) amid the MAHABHARATHA WAR. God Thiruvengada showed up and instructed him to go to 'BRINDARANYA' where he would give him Darshan in the form he wished. In the meantime, Athreya Maharishi asked for his Acharya Vedavyasa to suggest to him the spot fit for doing Thapas and he was coordinated by his Acharya to go to Brindaranya on the banks of the Kairavani Theertham filled with Thulasi plants and also where Sumathy was doing Thapas. Saying as much, Vedavyasa gave Athreya a Divya-Mangala Vigraha with a conch in his right hand and Gnana Mudra in the left hand indicating HIS HOLY FEET meaning the celebrated Charama Sloka of the Bhagavat Geetha.
10 day Laksharchana festival in the month of February draws thousands of devotees; 10 day Brahmmotsavam in April; Vaikunda Ekadasi in December-January and new year days are celebrated in the temple. Every month has its onw festival celebrated.
"Aaru Kaala Pooja" (Six Time Prayers of the Day).
THIRUVARADANAM (NIGHT POOJAI)
ARTHAJAMAM (Except Saturdays and special days.)
The Prayer should be offered to the respective Lords/Deities on the Star Days concerned (which are mentioned below) to get blessed for all kinds of Benefits.
Sri Parthasarathy - Rohini and Thiruvonam
Sri Raama - Punarvasu(Punar poosam)
Sri Gajendra Varadharaajar - Hastha
Sri Yoga Narasimha - Swathi
Sri Ranganaatha - Revathi
Sri Vedavalli Thaayaar - Uthram
Devotees perform Tirumanjanam to Lord offering Sarkarai Pongal nivedhana.
The great seven Munis (Saptha Rishis) – Brighu, Atthiri, Mareeshi, Markandeyar, Sumathi, Jaabali and Saptharomar performed Tapas (thavam) here and as a consequence of this, the sthalam is likewise called as 'Brindaranyasthalam'. This sthalam is otherwise called 'Panja Veerathalam'. This is the main temple where God Krishna favors devotees alongside his entire family including Balarama, Rukmini, Pradyumna, Subadhra and his Grandson Aniruthan.
People pray to Lord Narasimha in the temple for good education and wisdom. They also pray to Perumal seeking wedding and child boon and for incomparable learning, for wedding ecstasy, for sound posterity, for riches and thriving, to cure infections and ailments.
The Nearst Airport is Chennai International Airport.
Chennai Central station and Chennai Egmore station. Triplicane Railway Station is connected by the Metro railway network, MRTS.
Triplicane-Tiruvallikeni is an important division in Chennai city. Town buses are available from every corner of the city to reach the temple comfortably. Electric train facility is also available.
Arulmighu Parthasarathyswamy Temple,
Chennai - 600 005.
Devotees visit this temple to seek fulfillment of the following:-
- For supreme knowledge
- For matrimonial bliss
- For healthy offspring
- For wealth and prosperity
- To cure diseases and illnesses
Achutham Keyshavam Rama Narayanam Krishna Damodaram Vasudevam Harim Shridharam Madhavam Gopika Vallabham Janaki Nayakam Ramachandram Bhajey
Meaning -Oh Lord who cannot be perished, who also has names like Keshava, Rama, Damodara, Narayana, Sridhara, Madhava, Krishna, Ramachandra the beloved of Janaki, let me say your name regularly.
Vasudeva Sutham Devam Kamsa Chanoora Mardhanam Devaki Paramanandham Krishnam Vande Jagathgurum
Meaning -I bow to you O Krishna, the ultimate guru, Devaki and Vasudeva's son, and the destroyer of Kamsa and Chanur.
Adharam Madhuram Vadanam Madhuram Nayanam Madhuram Hasitam Madhuram Hridayam Madhuram Gamanam Madhuram Mathuraa Dhipate Rakhilam Madhuram
Meaning -Meaning - Sweet are Your lips, sweet is Your face, sweet are Your eyes, sweet is Your smile, sweet is Your heart, sweet is Your gait, O Lord of Mathura, everything about You is sweet.
Alokya Mathur Mukha Madarena Sthanyam Pibantham Saraseeruhaksham Sachinmayam Devam Anantha Roopam Balam Mukundam Manasa Smarami
Meaning -I think of this Balamukundan as the one who looks lovingly at his mother's face while taking milk from her, who has eyes similar to the red lotus, who is the embodiment of truth and intelligence and other forms.
6 a.m. to 12 p.m.4 p.m. to 9 p.m.