Mangala Gauri Days
Shravana month is considered sacred to seek blessing of Lord Shiva and His consort Goddess Gauri by observing Vrats dedicated to them. Vrats like Shravana Somvar, Mangala Gauri are observed during Shravana month. Devotees take Sankalp either to observe fast during Shravana month or to continue for sixteen weeks starting from Shravana month.
Mangala Gauri Vrat is observed by married women on each Tuesday in Hindu month of Shravana. Women, especially newlywed, observe it to seek conjugal bliss from Goddess Gauri. Shravana month is also known as Sawan month in North India.
Mangala Gauri Vrat is also known as Sri Mangala Gowri Vratham in Andhra Pradesh. There is fifteen days difference in starting time of Shravana month depending on the followed lunar calendar in the region. In Purnimant calendar, usually followed by North Indian states, Shravana month starts fifteen days before Amavasyant calendar.
In Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, Amavasyant Lunar Calendar is followed while in North Indian states Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Bihar Purnimant Calendar is followed. Hence half of Mangala Gauri dates differ in both calendars.
Masik Kalashtami 2016
Kalashtami, which is also known as Kala Ashtami, is observed every month during Ashtami Tithi of Krishna Paksha. Devotees of Lord Bhairav keep fast and worship Him on all Kalashtami days in the year.
The most significant Kalashtami, which is known as Kalabhairav Jayanti, falls in the month of Margashirsha according to North Indian, Purnima to Purnima, lunar month calendar while Kalabhairav Jayanti falls in the month of Kartik in South Indian, Amavasya to Amavasya, lunar month calendar. However both calendars observe Kalabhairav Jayanti on the same day. It is believed that Lord Shiva was appeared in form of Bhairav on the same day.
Kalabhairav Jayanti is also known as Bhairav Ashtami. It should be noted that Kalashtami fasting might be observed on Saptami Tithi. According to religious text Vratraj Kalashtami fasting should be observed on the day when Ashtami Tithi prevails during night. Accordingly DrikPanchang makes sure that Ashtami should prevail at least for one Ghati after Pradosh while selecting fasting day for Kalashtami. Otherwise Kalashtami fasting day is moved to previous day when Ashtami Tithi is more likely to prevail during night.